Units labeled Cazadores Regiment are regular light infantry. Podcast of the Battle of Talavera: The British victory south of Madrid on 28th July 1809 over Joseph Bonaparte, the King imposed on Spain by Napoleon, and his French army in the Peninsular War: John Mackenzie’s Britishbattles.com podcast. Throughout the Peninsular War and the Waterloo campaign, the British army was plagued by a shortage of artillery. The KGL comprised both cavalry and infantry regiments. Visit our dedicated Podcast page or visit Podbean below. In Spain: The War of Independence As the main battles—Talavera (July 1809) and Vitoria (June 1813)—were fought by Wellington, the guerrillas pinned down French garrisons, intercepted dispatches, and isolated convoys. Wellesley and Cuesta knew that Victor lay beyond Talavera with a corps of 22,000 French troops, while a further 13,000 were in reserve at Madrid under Joseph and his chief of staff, Jourdan. On the right, Venegas was to press Sebastiani back to the River Tagus. In a bloody contest the British and Spanish under Wellesley and Cuesta won a tactical victory over the French forces of Victor and Joseph Bonaparte. 23rd Light Dragoons encounter the ditch at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The Talavera Battalion was named for a Spanish City in Province of Toledo, Spain. Hill broke free and galloped down the mountainside, leaving his brigade-major shot dead. The battalion of detachments was checked and fell back, the 29th pushing through them and charging on up the hill. Alternate victory and defeat attended until the 21 st June, 1813, when Napoleon’s enterprise in Spain met its Waterloo at the battle … At around 10am, Joseph and his staff mounted to the top of the Cero de Cascajal to reconnoitre the situation. In turn, Joseph directed Sebastiani’s Fourth Corps not to attack until Victor’s First Corps was seen to be successful. See the extensive list of references given at the end of the Peninsular War Index. At around 8.30am, the cannonade ceased and officers and soldiers of both sides wandered down to the Portina Brook to drink the muddy water, mingle and gossip. A loud cheer from the centre seems to have been sufficient to reassure Wellesley that matters there were turning out well and to have been the trigger for him to order Anson to attack the French moving around the Cerro de Medellin, with Fane’s heavy dragoons in support. Most of the casualties were probably due to desertion, as few were engaged during the battle. British and French troops drinking from the Portina Brook during the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by C. Delort. The Battle of Talavera de la Reina was fought on 3 September 1936 in the Spanish Civil War. The French line wavered and was then charged by the British regiments, sweeping them back down the hill and up the far side of the Portina Brook ravine. Podcast of the Battle of Talavera: The British victory south of Madrid on 28th July 1809 over Joseph Bonaparte, the King imposed on Spain by Napoleon, and his French army in the Peninsular War: John Mackenzie’s Britishbattles.com podcast. This news made it essential to fight, as Joseph could not detach a sufficient force to hold Madrid against the advancing Spanish army of Venegas, coming up from the south-east and still confront Cuesta and Wellesley with sufficient strength. These remaining German regiments also ran off into the vineyards, leaving a battery of guns. The previous battle of the Peninsular War is the Battle of the Passage of the Douro, The next battle of the Peninsular War is the Battle of the River Coa,
Reaching Stewart’s Brigade, Hill ordered the regiments to form open column of companies and led them to attack the French 9th Light on the summit; the battalion of detachments in the lead, followed by the 29th and the 48th regiments. Mackenzie’s Division, the British rearguard, crossed the River Alberche and marched to a group of buildings called the Casa de Salinas, some 3 miles short of the line along the Portina Stream. Victor’s first attack on the Cerro de Medellin was over. are regular units and so is the Carabineros Reales Regiment. On the peak of the Cerro de Medellin stood Donkin’s Brigade and on the lower slopes of the Cerro de Medellin, Stewart’s Brigade on the southern slope and Tilson’s Brigade on the northern slope. Finally, a report came from Milhaud that the Spanish were advancing on the French left. The 48th, 24th, 31st and 45th Regiments formed a line, opening their ranks to allow the retreating regiments through and engaged the advancing French in a duel of volley firing, during which, Colonel Donnellan, commanding the 48th Foot, was mortally wounded. General de Division François Amable Ruffin: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The basic infantry coat colour was dark blue. The Emperor Napoleon’s directive to his brother, Joseph and the French marshals in Spain was to crush the British army in battle, thereby discouraging the London Government from interfering in Napoleon’s plans for the Iberian Peninsula again. Cazadores (Cazadores Espanolas de la Guardia) Infantry 1. Events soon compelled Wellesley, who was soon appointed Viscount Wellington, to fall back toward his base in Portugal. Battle of Monongahela 1755 – Braddock’s Defeat, Battle of Kabul and the retreat to Gandamak, Gallipoli Part I : Naval Attack on the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Part II: Land attack on Gallipoli Peninsular, Gallipoli Part III: ANZAC landing on 25th April 1915, Gallipoli Part IV: First landings at Cape Helles and Y Beach on 25th April 1915, Battle of Jutland Part I: Opposing fleets, Battle of Jutland Part II: Opening Battle Cruiser action on 31st May 1916, Battle of Jutland Part III: Clash between British and German Battle Fleets during the evening 31st May 1916, Battle of Jutland Part IV: Night Action 31st May to 1st June 1916, Battle of Jutland Part V: Casualties and Aftermath, General Braddock’s Defeat on the Monongahela in 1755 I, Gallipoli Part I: Naval Attack on the Dardanelles, Gallipoli Part II: Genesis of the land attack on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Fortescue quotes from Munster’s Campaign of 1809 in relation to the Spanish General Cuesta’s appearance during the cavalry action on 22, The French attack up the Cerro de Medellin on the morning of 28, The morning after the Battle of Talavera, Brigadier General Robert Craufurd’s Light Brigade, comprising 1, The Northamptonshire Regiment, an amalgamation of the 48. The Duke of Wellington reduced the number of ranks to two, to extend the line of the British infantry and to exploit fully the firepower of his regiments. Spanish losses were said by Cuesta to be 1,500. The Talavera Battlefield Monument near Talavera in Spain, commemorates the Battle of Talavera, which took place on 27 and 28 July 1809 and was the Duke of Wellington’s – then Sir Arthur Wellesley’s – first major victory of the Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. British reinforcements were arriving in Lisbon for Wellesley’s army, but were being held up by the shortage of mule carts to carry equipment and supplies and cash for Wellesley’s treasury. At Torrijos, the French cavalry came up with the Spanish rearguard of Zayas’ infantry division and two regiments of cavalry. Stewart’s men waited until the French infantry were within close range, before firing a volley which halted the French advance. After exchanging volleys with the KGL, the 96th also withdrew. Field provides an extended introduction to the battle that identifies the opposing armies and how they came to be at Talavera in western Spain in July of 1809. Royal Guard 1. Jourdan, Joseph’s chief of staff, now on the battlefield, was for waiting until Soult’s army began its move through the mountain passes to emerge on Wellesley’s lines of communication. Size of the armies at the Battle of Talavera: 16,500 British and Germans with 35,000 Spanish against 45,000 French. The Talavera Battalion was named for a Spanish City in Province of Toledo, Spain. The 9th Light crossed the Portina Brook and climbed the Cerro de Medellin, where it engaged Löw’s Brigade (5th and 7th Line Battalions, King’s German Legion) on the southern slopes of the Cerro. Wellesley planned to face the French army along the line of the Portina Brook, the Spanish right based on the walled town of Talavera and the British left on the Cerro de Medellin. A small Spanish and Portuguese force was despatched to the left flank. During the night, Victor received information that Wellesley was seeking to march around his right flank. Medal and Battle Honour for the Battle of Talavera: Regimental Colour of the 24th Foot with battle honour Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. were of particular use against buildings. Spanish troops leaving the battlefield at the Battle of Talavera on 27th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Richard Caton Woodville. Sebastiani commanded a further 10,000 men at Madridejos, to the southeast of Toledo, observing the Spanish army of Venegas, comprising 20,000 men, which was moving towards Madrid. In a bloody contest the British and Spanish under Wellesley and Cuesta won a tactical victory over the French forces of Victor and Joseph Bonaparte. Victor’s second attack had failed. At around 11am, the British staff saw a cloud of dust indicating that Sebastiani’s Corps was advancing. Exploding shells fired by howitzers, yet in their infancy. 7 (Oman only), Borbón Cavalry Regiment Nr. This report turned out to be untrue, but it was now 6pm and it seemed clear that the attacks had all failed. Talavera has been obscured in the historical record by later battles in the Peninsular War, but Field's painstaking narrative explains why the battle is worthy of examination. Soon the Foot Guards and Cameron’s Brigade, followed by the German battalions, reformed themselves and joined the regiments of Mackenzie’s Brigade in engaging the French, who began to waver. Death of Colonel Donnellan of the 48th Foot during the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by BAV Hardy. The British infantry were called to their feet and lined the edge of the summit. Victor assigned the second assault on the Cerro de Medellin again to Ruffin, despite the failure of his division in the first attack and the significant casualties and rough handling suffered by the 9th Light. 12 Regiments of Light 3. In the middle of the heated discussions, a despatch arrived from Soult saying that he could not reach Plasencia until between the 3rd and 5th August 1809. With these failings, during the course of the afternoon and evening of 27th July 1809, Wellesley’s army formed along the Portina Brook line, north of the Paiar de Vergarar to the Cerro de Medellin, in this order: from the right, British guns on the Paiar de Vergarar, with Campbell’s Brigade next in line; behind the Portina Brook, Kemmis’ Brigade, the Foot Guards, with Mackenzie’s Brigade behind the Foot Guards, then more British guns, Cameron’s Brigade, Langwerth’s KGL Brigade with the rest of the British guns. Both light cavalry regiments reformed and continued with their attack, the 1st Hussars being beaten off by the square of the 24th and the 23rd coming to grief in front of the square of the 27th Light or in a punishing fight with Merlin’s Cavalry Division. The Battle of Talavera. The Republicans, attempting to bar the road to Madrid at Talavera de la Reina, were defeated by the professional army of the Nationalists, with heavy casualties on both sides. Agreement between Wellesley and Cuesta was difficult. The city originated as the Roman Caesarobriga and was conquered by King Alfonso VI in 1082. These men were liberated when Victor captured the British hospital on 6th August 1809. This was not the case. Soult ordered Ney and his other subordinate commanders to march to Salamanca. The Army was sustained by volunteer recruitment and the Royal Artillery was never able to recruit sufficient gunners for its needs. The French infantry of the 27th opened a damaging fire on the helpless troopers. Each infantryman carried a bayonet for hand-to-hand fighting, which fitted the muzzle end of his musket. The 31st Regiment suffered 260 casualties out of a compliment of 730. Spanish Guards (Guardias de Infanteria Espanola) 3. The battle of Talavera of 27-28 July 1809 was the first of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s great victories in Spain during the Peninsular War. Field guns fired a ball projectile, of limited use against troops in the field unless those troops were closely formed. The Battle Honour TALAVERA is emblazoned on The Queen's Colours of The Royal Irish Regiment.. At the same time, Merlin’s dragoons approached the Spanish line and fired their pistols. The Battle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) was fought just outside the town of Talavera de la Reina, some 120 kilometers southwest of Madrid, during the Peninsular War in Spain. Battles. Marshal Victor: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Map of Victor’s night attack on 27th July 1809 at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: map by John Fawkes. Ruffin’s infantry climbed the side of the Cerro de Medellin in ‘close column of divisions’, giving them a frontage of around 150 men and a depth of 9 men. Some British brigade commanders failed to adopt the correct position and several were unaware whether they were in the first or second line. The British 87th and 88th Regiments ran back in wild confusion, although the third regiment of the brigade, the 60th, stood firm. French deserters overnight revealed the plan of attack to Wellesley, who, at dawn, was on the Cerro de Medellin, watching Ruffin’s Divisional columns on the edge of the Portina Brook ravine, waiting to advance and Villatte’s Division on the summit of the Cerro de Cascajal, with 30 guns in battery to their front and Beaumont’s cavalry in support. French casualties were heavier. Victor, following his success over Mackenzie’s Division at the Casa de Salinas, brought the rest of his corps over the River Alberche and advanced towards Wellesley’s positions, with Ruffin’s Division to the front on the right, followed by Villatte’s Division, with Lapisse’s Division on the left, followed by Beaumont’s 2 cavalry regiments and with Latour-Maubourg’s cavalry division spread across the plain to the left, in front of the Spanish positions. The KGL owed its allegiance to King George III of Great Britain, as the Elector of Hanover, and fought with the British army. The British light cavalry was increasingly adopting hussar uniforms, with some regiments changing their titles from ‘light dragoons’ to ‘hussars’. During the pause, Wellesley ordered the cavalry brigades of Fane and Anson to form up to the west of the Cerro de Medellin, ready to counter any further move around the north side. Silver Medal commemorating the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The battle honour ‘Talavera’ was awarded to the following British regiments: 3rd Dragoon Guards, 4th Dragoons, 14th Light Dragoons, 16th Light Dragoons, Coldstream Guards, 3rd Guards, 3rd Buffs, 7th Royal Fusiliers, 24th, 29th, 31st, 40th, 45th, 48th, 53rd, 60th, 61st, 66th, 83rd, 87th and 88th Regiments. … Although Wellesely's forces were outnumbered, and a sizeable contingent of the Spanish ran away, he had chosen a superb defensive position and was able to beat … At midnight, the Spanish troops unleashed a heavy fire, leading Sir Arthur Wellesley to believe the French were launching another attack. While the French infantry were compelled to stand in square, they were subject to heavy cannon fire by British and Spanish guns and prevented from advancing. Cuesta, elderly and ill, was deeply suspicious of Wellesley, who he suspected was trying to replace him. 2 guns were also positioned on a northern spur of the Cerro de Medellin. Battle of Talavera de la Reina, Spain, an 1809 battle of the Peninsular War; Battle of Talavera de la Reina (1936), during the Spanish Civil War Once the French infantry were well up the slope, the French guns ceased firing to avoid hitting their own men. The British rifle battalions (60th and 95th Rifles) carried the Baker rifle, a more accurate weapon but slower to fire, and a sword bayonet. Map of the Talavera battlefield: Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809: map by John Fawkes. Wellesley intended to attack Victor on 23rd July 1809, before he could be reinforced by Joseph’s reserve force from Madrid, but Cuesta failed to co-operate. The French guns continued to fire for a full hour, their shot falling among the parties of British troops collecting the wounded and dead, British and French, from the hillside. Cuesta refused to detach a large force, seeing this as a ploy to reduce his authority. On 22nd July 1809, the Spanish and British armies again advanced, moving in parallel columns, the Spanish on the left. 48th at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. The musket could be fired at three or four times a minute, throwing a heavy ball inaccurately for a hundred metres or so. The following units and commanders fought at the battle, which occurred during the Peninsular War. Due to the age and indisposition of General Cuesta, Wellesley became responsible for positioning the Spanish troops along the line from Talavera town to the Paiar de Vergarar. Great collectible Engraving Engraving measures approximately: 10.1 inches high Each additional one ships free in US, Internationally each additional is $0.50. On reaching the summit of the Cerro de Medellin, the leading company of the 29th fired a volley into the French and charged them, driving them back into the ravine. It was planned that Sebastiani’s Corps would take the left of the French advance, but his troops were still coming up on the east bank of the River Alberche, only Merlin’s dragoon division having crossed. The 9th Light was on the right, with its line of advance over the plain to the north of the Cerro de Medellin, the 24th of the Line was in the centre and the 96th of the Line on the left. Sir Arthur Wellesley positioning Spanish regiments at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Map of the Main French Attack at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: map by John Fawkes. 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